All-terrain vehicles (ATVs) are three- or four-wheeled motorized vehicles with large, soft tires and a relatively high center of gravity. Used primarily for off-road activities, ATVs have handlebars like a motorcycle and are designed for a single operator to straddle the body of the vehicle. Some can reach speeds of 50 mph and weigh up to 600 lbs.
(This Position Statement was developed as an educational tool based on the opinion of the authors. It is not a product of a systematic review. Readers are encouraged to consider the information presented and reach their own conclusions.)
Swaddling and Developmental Hip Dysplasia Position Statement
POSNA and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Section on Orthopaedics have teamed up with the International Hip Dysplasia Institute (IHDI) to promote “hip-healthy swaddling.” Although more than 80 percent of babies in the United States are swaddled, some parents may not understand proper swaddling methods. Lower extremity swaddling should allow the hips and knees to be flexed with the hips abducted. Infants who have been swaddled tightly with the hips and legs bound together in extension are at increased risk for hip dysplasia.
The Treatment of Children and Adolescents with Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis
The Advocacy committee of POSNA, under the direction of last year's chair, Daniel Green, has written a position statement on the treatment of children and adolescents with spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis. The recommendations within the statement have each been referenced, with levels of evidence included. While the statement does not represent the technical variations in surgical treatment that are at the surgeon's discretion, it does provide guidelines on principles of treatment that should be useful to the POSNA member in communication with third party payers.
EducationThe ORS Virtual Dedicated February Issue is Now Live on the Journal of Orthopaedic Research Website
The Orthopaedic Research Society has developed a dedicated quarterly virtual issue of the Journal of Orthopaedic Research that focuses on specific orthopaedic areas. The Pediatric Orthopedic Society of North America was chosen for February’s virtual dedicated JOR issue. Harry K.W. Kim, MD, Tracy Ballock, MD, & Benjamin Alman, MD, with POSNA, were asked to select ten articles from those that were published in the last 3 years and to write a brief editorial.